a man experiencing sharp pain in the eye

Sharp Pain In The Eye: Common Causes And Best Treatment Options

Pain Topics

Have you experienced a sudden sharp pain in the eye? Are you familiar with what can cause this acute pain in the eye? We will try to uncover the reasons behind this eye pain and the best treatment options for it. Meanwhile, you can also get advice from professionals performing Lasik eye surgery in Melbourne. Through a surgical procedure, they can correct the focusing power of your eyes. In effect, you won’t need optical aids, such as glasses and contact lenses.


Sharp pain in the eye

A woman with painful eyesEveryone should not take their eyes for granted. In actuality, it would be best to see an eye doctor regularly. This way, they would be able to monitor the condition of their eyes. However, this is not the case for everybody. Probably,  they would only see an ophthalmologist when something is already happening in their eyes.

A common reason why an individual can experience sharp pain in the eye is foreign objects. These foreign debris can either be within or around the eye. Given this condition, no one should take it lightly. It can become severe eye pain, which may need more serious treatment options.

Additionally, an individual can also experience sharp pain in the eye along with migraine or cluster headaches. For this reason, it would be best to see an eye doctor before the condition worsens.


Common causes of sharp eye pain

There are several reasons why you can encounter eye pain. We have listed a few of them below. Take time to familiarize yourself with these causes to know if any of them causes your eye pain.

  1. Debris in the eye: The typical examples of this foreign debris are dirt and dust. Once these objects become lodged in the eye, they can cause sharp pain. Furthermore, if the pain continues, there is a possibility of corneal abrasion. The debris has caused a small scratch on the eye. For this reason, the patient should seek further evaluation.
  2. Uveitis: The uvea is the middle part of the eye, which lies beneath the eye’s white part, or the sclera. Uveitis happens if the uvea has inflammation. Additionally, it can also affect the other parts of the eye. If not treated, it can lead to reduced vision or vision loss.
  3. Scleritis: This condition is the inflammation of the sclera or the outermost part of the eye. This inflammation can occur from having an infection or autoimmune disease. Besides that, it can also be the side effect of medication.
  4. Cluster headaches: This kind of headache usually occurs above the eye or near the temple. It can even happen frequently in a week, which could last for about 15 minutes up to two hours per occurrence.
  5. Migraine: This headache-causing disease can bring pain in one or both of the eyes. Each migraine episode differs in length and severity. Additionally, each person differs in triggering points on why migraine occurs.
  6. Angle-closure glaucoma: This type of glaucoma involves a rapid buildup of fluid in front of the eye. In effect, it increases the pressure in the eyes and causes intense eye pain. This condition is a medical emergency. Immediate medical treatment is necessary.
  7. Tolosa-hunt syndrome: This condition is rare but can cause severe pain in the eyes. Usually, it only affects one of the eyes, that even a slight movement can be painful. Besides that, other people can even experience temporary paralysis in the eye due to this medical condition.

Any of these factors might be causing sharp pain in the eye.


Treatment options

Your treatment option can vary depending on the severity of the eye pain. As much as there are several treatment options available, you cannot apply them quickly without getting the consent of a doctor. Our eyes can be sensitive as well. It would be best to have an eye exam first before jumping into any treatment option for your eye pain.

  1. a woman happy with her eyeglasses to relieve eye painHome care: Give some time for your eyes to rest. Let your eyes have a break from the computer, television, or any gadget. It would be best to set scheduling or screen time.
  2. Glasses: Wearing contact lenses is more convenient for other people. If you are one of them, wear eyeglasses once in a while instead of lenses. This way, you are allowing your corneas to heal.
  3. Warm compress: This option is primarily applicable to individuals with blepharitis or sty. It involves clearing of clogged oil gland or hair follicle.
  4. Flushing: People who encounter a foreign object or chemical in their eyes apply flushing of water or a saline solution to remove the irritant.
  5. Antibiotics: These are available in drops and oral medicines. These are excellent in treating eye infections.
  6. Eye drops: Medicated eye drops are beneficial in treating glaucoma. These eye drops help control the pressure buildup in the eyes.
  7. Corticosteroids: Doctors recommend this option for severe infections.
  8. Pain medications: A pain relief is advisable to relieve pain while treating the underlying condition associated with sharp pain in the eye.
  9. Surgery: This option is necessary if the foreign object already caused damage to the eye. As for glaucoma, laser surgery will help to improve the drainage of the eye.

Your treatment will vary according to your current eye condition. You cannot decide on this alone. You will need the help of an eye specialist to address the exact cause of your eye pain directly. Treatment is not a decision to make without consulting an eye professional.



Sharp pain in the eye can come from various causes. The identification of these causes is essential as well. This way, the eye specialist can decide which treatment option is appropriate. On the other hand, we can also prevent eye pain in the first place.

We should learn how to take care of our eyes, such as wearing protective eye gears if necessary. The causes of eye pain are usually treatable. Before it worsens, it would be best to seek medical attention to prevent more complications.

Your eyes are essential parts of your body. If you want to make them last, you have to care for them properly.

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